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Glass Structure - Pilkington

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/interactive-building/glass-structure

Glass Structure There are numerous structural glass systems offered by various suppliers that open up vast possibilities for architects, allowing them to create a complete glass envelope for buildings with frameless façades on any plane. Support structures, located internally or externally, can use glass mullions, a conventional steel ...

Glass and Thermal Stress

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/information-hub/glass-information/functions-of-glass/mechanicalfunctionsofglass/glass-and-thermal-stress

Glass with damaged edges will take less stress than clean cut glass. A good clean cut edge is the best finish along with fully polished edges. Ground edges and arrissed edges may not be as good. A ground or arrissed edge is a series of small defects around the glass. The effect brings all the defects to an average level and may at best be only ...

BIM models support curtain walling design and build - Pilkington

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/news-insights/latest/new-pilkington-planar--bim-models-support-curtain-walling-design-and-build

Pilkington Planar™ models are now available through the widely-used BIM programme Revit, helping architects and engineers to accurately and collaboratively create structurally glazed atriums, facades, and roofs in 3D modelling.

Glass Strength

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/information-hub/glass-information/functions-of-glass/mechanicalfunctionsofglass/glass-strength

The ingredients for glass are not transparent and it is the melting of these products that creates new bonds. As the glass cools the ingredients are locked together before they can resume their original structures. The notion that glass is a supercooled liquid is a misnomer. Glass during manufacture is cooled to a solid state.

An Architect Who Revolutionised Glass in Architecture

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/news-insights/archived-blogs/an-architect-who-revolutionised-glass-in-architecture

The unrivalled Pilkington Planar™ is still one of the world’s market leader for structural glazing systems. Ensuring visions are transformed into reality; this innovative product enables architects to have more design flexibility when it comes to incorporating glass into new structures.

Appearance of Glass

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/information-hub/glass-information/about-glass/appearance

The principle area of importance for glass is the range between Ultraviolet and Infrared rays representing daylight or visible light. Energy can exist in many forms including heat, light, chemical, nuclear, mechanical, and electrical which can be transformed from one form to another. The two important energy states in respect to glass are:

Flat drawn process - Pilkington

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/about/heritage/flat-drawn-process

Flat drawn or Fourcault process involved drawing the molten glass upwards out of a bath and allowing it to cool as it is lifted into the air. This would ensure a transparent but distorted sheet of glass. This was done using a straight metal bait which would be lowered into a bath of molten glass, which would then draw a continuous sheet of glass.

Wind and Snow Load

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/information-hub/glass-information/functions-of-glass/mechanicalfunctionsofglass/wind-and-snow-load

After a certain point snow is likely to settle on the glass and apply a constant load. The ability of glass to withstand stress changes with the duration of the load. Snow load and the self weight of the glass provide extra challenges. In some cases thickening the glass adds to the stress and the prediction of the likely durability gets worse.

Type of Glazing - Pilkington

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/types-of-glass/fire-protection-glass/our-range/applications/type-of-glazing

Fire Protection Glass; Solar Control Glass; Type of Glazing There is a wide range of tested systems approved by the national building authorities for corresponding use to solve the three functional challenges faced when having to create fire compartments, safeguarding escape routes and preventing flash-over in the facade and roof. ...

List of British/EU Standards and Codes of Practice

https://www.pilkington.com/en-gb/uk/architects/standards-and-regs/list-of-british-eu-standards-and-codes-of-practice

List of British/EU Standards and Codes of Practice. There are many British and European Standards which apply directly or indirectly to glass for use in building. Although not exhaustive, the following lists some of the most commonly used.

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